The progress, considered good for humans in terms of average length and quality of life, is bringing profound changes in the environment such as in the habits of man, determining lifestyles often incorrect already from the age of development. In modern society, both children and adults spend an increasing amount of their time in front of computers and television, thus promoting a lifestyle static and passive. In fact, physical inactivity is considered one of the major risk factors to health, being among the causes of the onset of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases but also disorders of the musculoskeletal system. It is more static posture and that over time more influence the structure of the spine already in the child, as well as a source of back pain in adults. Several studies indicate that musculoskeletal discomfort and back pain are evident even in children. The solution to these problems is to integrate programs posture, body-function and movement patterns, as well as their implications ergonomic, as part of the curriculum in schools.
At the national level, the only example of a project to raise awareness about the occurrence of musculoskeletal discomfort and back pain was conducted in Milan in 2011 by “IRCCS Galeazzi Orthopaedic Institute” and “Don Gnocchi Foundation” designed for students and their families. The program as well as addressing risk cases to specialized structures, has had the objective of evaluating the incidence of vertebral deformities in the school population. It is well known that, while a short-term program fosters in children more aware of this kind of problems, a long-term program is required to generate in-depth behavioral change.
However, there is a growing awareness of another aspect essential to perform the prevention of back pain in children: adapt the school supplies to students needs. The researchers demonstrated that the regulation of the latter to the needs of children improves the sitting posture as well as other behavioral variables in the class. It persists however the need to accompany the process of adaptation of supply to the needs of pupils with education in ergonomic disciplines and prevention programs in the long term as part of the school curriculum.